Posted on 2012-01-01. By anonymous.
Publisher: The Tea,,ching Com,,pany; 2nd edition 2004 | 30 hours and 14 mins | ISBN: 1565859812 | MP3 96 kbps | 1.28 GB
Humanity left childhood and entered the troubled but productive world when it started to criticize its own certainties and weigh the worthiness of its most secure beliefs. Thus began that "Long Debate" on the nature of truth, the scale of real values, the life one should aspire to live, the character of justice, the sources of law, the terms of civic and political lifeâ€”the good, the better, the best.
The debate continues, and one remains aloof to it at a very heavy price, for "the unexamined life is not worth living."
This course of 60 lectures gives the student a sure guide and interpreter as the major themes within the Long Debate are presented and considered. The persistent themes are understood as problems:
- The problem of knowledge, arising from concerns as to how or whether we come to know anything, and are justified in our belief that this knowledge is valid and sound
- The problem of conduct, arising from the recognition that our actions, too, require some sort of justification in light of our moral and ethical sensibilitiesâ€”or lack of them
- The problem of governance, which includes an understanding of sources of law and its binding nature.
In addition, you will learn about the architects of the Age of Newton and the Enlightenment that followed in its wakeâ€”all this, as well as Romanticism and Continental thought, Nietzsche and Darwin, Freud and William James. This course is a veritable banquet of enriching reflection on mental life and the acts of humanity that proceed from it: the plans and purposes, the values and beliefs, the possibilities and vulnerabilities.
Some of What You Will Learn
In these lectures you will:
- Explore three basic philosophical questions: What can I know? How should I behave? Is this tribe or polis able to preserve our knowledge, protect our interests, lead us to a more meaningful life?
- Understand why we should aspire to moral excellence through habitual striving and a devotion to self-perfection, and how we might attain a flourishing form of life.
- Explore the four assessments of what constitutes the good life. These have come and gone over the course of time in many forms.
You will see the creation of rational thought. Dr. Daniel N. Robinson addresses in one lecture why such a rich tapestry of thought would begin in ancient Greece and why, weaved together during the lives of three specific men, it would never be equaled.
Most famous was Socrates, the pagan philosopher whom St. Augustine would revere because he was willing to die for truth. Socrates's student, Plato, wrote so powerfully on almost every issue in philosophy that Alfred North Whitehead later commented that all of Western philosophy was a footnote to Plato. (But British philosopher and mathematician Bertrand Russell described Plato as a "garden-variety" Fascist.)
2. Philosophyâ€”Did the Greeks Invent It?
3. Pythagoras and the Divinity of Number
4. What Is There?
5. The Greek Tragedians on Manâ€™s Fate
6. Herodotus and the Lamp of History
7. Socrates on the Examined Life
8. Plato's Search For Truth
9. Can Virtue Be Taught?
10. Plato's Republicâ€”Man Writ Large
11. Hippocrates and the Science of Life
12. Aristotle on the Knowable
13. Aristotle on Friendship
14. Aristotle on the Perfect Life
15. Rome, the Stoics, and the Rule of Law
16. The Stoic Bridge to Christianity
17. Roman Lawâ€”Making a City of the Once-Wide World
18. The Light Withinâ€”Augustine on Human Nature
20. Secular Knowledgeâ€”The Idea of University
21. The Reappearance of Experimental Science
22. Scholasticism and the Theory of Natural Law
23. The Renaissanceâ€”Was There One?
24. Let Us Burn the Witches to Save Them
25. Francis Bacon and the Authority of Experience
26. Descartes and the Authority of Reason
27. Newtonâ€”The Saint of Science
28. Hobbes and the Social Machine
29. Lockeâ€™s Newtonian Science of the Mind
30. No matter? The Challenge of Materialism
31. Hume and the Pursuit of Happiness
32. Thomas Reid and the Scottish School
33. France and the Philosophes
34. The Federalist Papers and the Great Experiment
35. What Is Enlightenment? Kant on Freedom
36. Moral Science and the Natural World
37. Phrenologyâ€”A Science of the Mind
38. The Idea of Freedom
39. The Hegelians and History
40. The Aesthetic Movementâ€”Genius
41. Nietzsche at the Twilight
42. The Liberal Traditionâ€”J. S. Mill
43. Darwin and Natureâ€™s â€œPurposesâ€
44. Marxismâ€”Dead But Not Forgotten
45. The Freudian World
46. The Radical William James
47. William James's Pragmatism
48. Wittgenstein and the Discursive Turn
49. Alan Turing in the Forest of Wisdom
50. Four Theories of the Good Life
51. Ontologyâ€”What There "Really" Is
52. Philosophy of Scienceâ€”The Last Word?
53. Philosophy of Psychology and Related Confusions
54. Philosophy of Mind, If There Is One
55. What makes a Problem "Moral"
56. Medicine and the Value of Life
57. On the Nature of Law
58. Justice and Just Wars
59. Aestheticsâ€”Beauty Without Observers
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